End of visit statement of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions on her visit to Nigeria – OHCHR

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Statements Special Procedures
03 September 2019
Press releases
Press briefing notes
Press releases
Agnes Callamard, United Nations Special Rapporteur for Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions
2 September 2019
Introduction
Overview
Localised and country-wide patterns of violence and killings
No one left behind?
Some positive developments
Searching for Accountability in the North East
Unacceptable criminalisation of humanitarian work by the United States and collective punishment of civilians.
A major security challenge in the Middle Belt, South and North Western States
Arbitrary Killings of members of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN)
Arbitrary Killings of Members of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB)
Arbitrary Killings of Ogoni People
Widespread excessive use of force
Violence against Women and Feminicide
Arbitrary Killings on the basis of alleged sexual orientation
Death Penalty
Access to Justice
1/ In June 2019, the World Poverty Clock reported that over 91 million (46.5%) of 200 million Nigerians were living in extreme poverty.
2/ This includes the Otobe Gbame expulsion which saw 15 persons killed, including Daniel Aya and Elijah Avonda
3/ https://www.unocha.org/nigeria/about-ocha-nigeria
4/ https://www.cfr.org/nigeria/nigeria-security-tracker/p29483
5/ https://www.cfr.org/interactives/global-conflict-tracker?cid=ppc-Google-grant-conflict_tracker-031116&gclid=CjwKEAiAm8nCBRD7xLj-2aWFyz8SJAAQNalaq6ad0YJ5i6ZEa8KHLfiePs1wCPTk_vi1lzcvMejD-BoCBKrw_wcB#!/conflict/boko-haram-in-nigeria
6/ http://undocs.org/s/2018/465  
7/ http://www.internal-displacement.org/countries/nigeria
8/  http://undocs.org/A/HRC/30/67
9/ https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/africa/nigeria/report-nigeria/
10/ https://www.icrc.org/en/document/nigeria-icrc-condemns-midwifes-murder-appeals-abductors-spare-two-other-healthcare-workers, https://www.icrc.org/en/document/nigeria-health-worker-hauwa-mohammed-liman-executed-captivity
11/ https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/west-africa/nigeria/262-stopping-nigerias-spiralling-farmer-herder-violence
12/ Ibid
13/ Ibid
14/ Periodic country report for 2015-2016 on the implementation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights in Nigeria Available at  http://www.achpr.org/files/sessions/62nd_os/state-reports/6th-2015-2016/nigeria_state_report_6th_2015_2016_eng.pdf
15/ https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/10/20/nigeria-harsh-laws-severe-impact-lgbt-community
16/ More than 2,600 people were convicted and executed between 1970 and 1999. However, the rate of executions dropped dramatically after the fall of the military government in May 1999. From May 1999 to 2006, Amnesty estimates that at least 22 people were executed. After a 7-year hiatus without executions, four death row inmates were executed in 2013- https://www.deathpenaltyworldwide.org/country-search-post.cfm?country=Nigeria#f7-1
17/ https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ACT5098702019ENGLISH.PDF
18/   In the southwest Nigeria, the Coroner’s Laws are based on the Laws of the Western Region of Nigeria, 1959 Cap 27; in the North, they are based on the Coroner’s Law, Cap 27, Laws of Northern Nigeria, 1963
19/ Periodic country report for 2015-2016 on the implementation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights in Nigeria Available at  http://www.achpr.org/files/sessions/62nd_os/state-reports/6th-2015-2016/nigeria_state_report_6th_2015_2016_eng.pdf
20/ https://www.icc-cpi.int/itemsDocuments/2017-PE-rep/2017-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf
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